Driving School Ireland
087 6688797 - 071 9162311
Position on the Straight/on Bends
Having regard to the width of the road, an applicant should normally drive reasonably close to the lefthand side of the road, i.e. approximately mid-way between the central dividing line and the left-hand kerb, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position on the Straight', or on a 'Bend', as the case may be.
- Where an applicant drives for a distance in an incorrect position on the straight or on a bend, a fault may be recorded for 'Position on the Straight', or on the 'Bend' as the case may be.
- Where an applicant unnecessarily crosses a central continuous white line which is clearly visible, a fault may be recorded for 'Road Markings' only.
A 'Position' fault should not be recorded in this case.
- Where a driver weaves in and out unnecessarily around intermittently parked vehicles, a fault may be recorded for 'Position on the Straight'. (See also 'React').
- Where traffic lanes, including a 'hard-shoulder' are provided and an applicant drives for a distance in an incorrect lane for the direction which is to be followed, a fault may be recorded for 'Position on the Straight'.
Position in Traffic Lanes
Where traffic lanes are provided and an applicant straddles the lanes unnecessarily for a distance, a fault may be recorded for 'Position in Traffic Lanes' - (not for 'Position on the Straight', or for Road Markings', in this case).
Drivers of heavy vehicles in particular may have to adjust their position on the road to suit the circumstances, and this is acceptable provided it is done safely and in full knowledge of the position of the vehicle.
Position at Cross Junctions
An applicant who intends to go straight ahead at a cross-junction should normally be as close as is feasible to the left hand side, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position at Cross Junctions'.
However, where lanes are provided and road markings permit a centre, or outside, lane to be used, this is acceptable.
The situation on the far side of the junction should be taken into account
Only one 'Position' fault may be recorded for each complete manoeuvre, i.e., faults should not be doublemarked for 'Road Markings' in this case.
Position at Roundabouts
Where an applicant intends to take any exit in the 6 o'clock to 12 o'clock position, subject to road markings, the approach should normally be in the left-hand lane.
The approach should normally be in the right-hand lane for any exit after the 12 o'clock position, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position at Roundabouts'.
However, where road markings are provided and they require an applicant to use a different approach lane from the above, the applicant should use that 'marked' approach lane, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position at Roundabouts'- (not for 'Road Markings' in this case.)
An applicant should have reasonable time and opportunity to see any road markings.
A fault may also be recorded where an applicant hits or mounts a kerb unnecessarily.
Where there is only one approach lane and having regard to the width of the road a fault should generally not be recorded regardless of the intended direction, except for motorcycles. Heavy vehicles may require additional road space where necessary. Applicants should normally follow their entry lane around the roundabout until they pass the exit before the one which they intend to take, where they should switch to the left-hand lane and proceed to their intended exit.
Applicants should normally exit in the left-hand lane if it is clear.
Only one 'Position' fault should be recorded for each complete manoeuvre.
Position Turning Right
Where an applicant intends to turn right at a junction, the approach should normally be just to the left of the central dividing line of the road, (or where the line should be).
The turn should be made around the centre point of the road which is being entered, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position turning Right'. The correct approach position should be adopted in good time. Where a specific right turn lane is provided, it should be used. Heavy vehicles may require additional space to manoeuvre.
Examples of incorrect 'Position Turning Right' faults include:
- 'Cutting' the turn, i.e., turning too soon before the normal turning point.
- 'Swan-necking', i.e., going too far past the normal turning point.
- Turning from the left-hand side of the road.
- Turning from an incorrect lane.
- Trying to make a 'square' right turn at a 'T' junction.
- Hitting or mounting a kerb unnecessarily.
An applicant may turn near-side to near-side, or off-side to off-side of oncoming traffic which is also turning right (as appropriate to the lay-out of the junction).
Where 2 right-turn lanes are provided, either may be used depending on the direction to be followed subsequently. Early directions are normally required.
Where an applicant intends to turn right from a one-way street, the approach should be as close to the right-hand side as is feasible.
Where an applicant, for example, 'cuts' a right turn, a fault should not be recorded for 'Road Markings'.
Where chevron markings are provided and an applicant encroaches on them, a fault is generally not recorded for 'Position turning Right', provided it is done safely. (See p. 22). Where an applicant avoids the chevrons, (or where there are no chevrons), and therefore must make a distinct lane change before the right turn, a fault may be recorded for 'Observation Changing Lane' or 'Mirrors Changing Lane' as appropriate, and not for 'Observation Turning Right' in this case.
Position Turning Left
The normal approach to a left turn should be as close as is feasible to the left-hand side. This position should be maintained on the turn and on the exit from the turn, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position turning Left'.
Examples of incorrect 'Position Turning Left' faults include:
- Hitting or mounting a kerb unnecessarily,
- Not using a 'filter' lane where one is provided.
Where 2 left-turn traffic lanes are provided, either lane may be used, depending on the direction to be followed subsequently. Heavy vehicles should normally take whatever space is needed on the approach, to enable them to complete the turn on the left-hand side. Only one 'Position' fault only may be recorded for each complete manoeuvre.
An applicant should normally stop in a safe position, which does not inconvenience or delay other road users, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position Stopping'.
Examples of incorrect 'Position Stopping' faults include:
- Stopping on, and blocking, a junction.
- Stopping too far out from a kerb.
- Stopping too close to the vehicle in front.
- Hitting or mounting a kerb while pulling in to stop.
Where an applicant stops close to a junction just before the reverse manoeuvre, a fault should not be recorded.
An applicant should normally leave a 'safe' distance between the vehicle being driven and the vehicle in front, or a fault may be recorded for 'Position Following'. The 'safe' distance is usually related to the speed of the vehicles at the time.