Section 19

Respecting other road users

This section is aimed at motor vehicle drivers and builds on the information in Section 5 on good driving practice.

The vehicle does not have greater right-of-way than any other road user, so, for safety reasons, you should drive defensively. This means expecting the unexpected and making way for other road users when necessary.

Some of the actions you might need to take in normal conditions include:

  • making way for an ambulance, fire engine or Garda vehicle,
  • watching and stopping for children emerging from between cars, and
  • waiting until a vehicle has started its left-hand turn before you emerge from a side road.

To make sure all road users are safe, be aware of your responsibilities towards:

  • pedestrians, children, older people, people with disabilities and wheelchair users,
  • cyclists and motorcyclists, and
  • any animal traffic on the road.


As a driver, you must not put a pedestrian at risk. In particular, you must give way to pedestrians:

  • on or at a zebra crossing (even if they are only waiting to cross),
  • on or at a pelican crossing, when the amber light is flashing,
  • crossing the road, if you are moving off from a stationary position (for example at a traffic light or a parking space), and
  • at a junction, if they have started crossing the road.

Watch out for pedestrians who might attempt to cross the road suddenly from between parked vehicles. Make extra allowances for older people, people with disabilities and children. Watch for pedestrians walking to and from buses.

It is an offence to drive a vehicle partly or fully along or across a footpath, unless you are crossing a footpath to enter or leave a building or other place beside it.


By their nature, children have less experience than other people in using the road, so you should make extra allowances for their behaviour.

Take care when you are:

  • driving beside footpaths where there are young children,
  • coming out from side entrances or driveways,
  • driving in car parks, and
  • reversing, in particular where there are young children. You cannot see a small child behind your vehicle through your mirror. If in doubt, get out and check.


Do not park at a school entrance. Thoughtless parking can confuse parents and their children or block the entrance/exit of a school. It can also force children onto the road to get around your vehicle.

It is an offence if your vehicle blocks a footpath or a cycle track.

You should also take care near school buses, especially if overtaking a bus that children are boarding or leaving. School buses are clearly marked with stickers.

Do not leave any room for doubt. If you see school children, particularly young children, you may use your horn to let them know you're there.

 school bus

Be careful near children who are cycling. Take extra care near a school, where cyclists may emerge in groups. Remember, it is hard to predict a young cyclist's balance and behaviour.

School wardens

Adult school wardens provide safe road crossing places for children outside or near schools. They wear a hat and an overcoat, which include reflective material. Wardens carry a special sign and are allowed by law to stop traffic.

When a warden raises the 'Stop' sign (shown below on the left), you must stop and remain stopped until:

  • the school children have crossed the road,
  • the sign is lowered, and
  • the school warden has safely returned to the footpath.

 school wardens

Junior school wardens

Junior school wardens are the senior pupils of primary schools who operate in teams of six to give the same service given by an adult school warden. When they want traffic to stop, they give a signal to traffic on both sides of the road. When the traffic is stopped, the wardens take up their position and guide the younger children across the road. All vehicles must remain stopped until all the junior wardens have returned to the footpath.

Never park in a place that blocks a warden's view. School wardens must be able to see the road clearly to do their work properly and safely.

 junior school wardens

Cyclists and motorcyclists

Never put a cyclist or motorcyclist at risk and know your duty to be aware of them. They are especially vulnerable if there is a crash.

In particular, watch for cyclists and motorcyclists:

  • at junctions,
  • where cycle tracks merge with roads,
  • when you change lanes,
  • when opening your door to get out of a vehicle,
  • when stopping and turning, especially when making a left turn, and
  • when reversing.

The best way to take care near cyclists and motorcyclists is to use your mirrors and recheck blind spots.


Never cut in front of cyclists or motorcyclists when overtaking them. Give them plenty of space, especially:

  • in wet or windy weather,
  • when road conditions are icy,
  • when they are starting off. Cyclists tend to wobble until they build up their speed, and
  • when the road surface is poor. Cyclists and motorcyclists may need to avoid potholes.

Turning left

On left turns, watch out for cyclists and mopeds close to the kerb in front of you or coming up on your left. Do not overtake a cyclist as you approach a junction if you are turning left. The cyclist might be continuing straight ahead.

Turning right

When turning right through a gap in oncoming traffic (for example at a yellow box junction), watch out for cyclists who might be moving up on the inside (at the centre of the road) or might be travelling in a cycle or bus lane running in the opposite direction at the far side of the road. Also use your mirrors to check for any motorcyclists who may be overtaking you as you approach the turn.

Cycle tracks and parking

Do not park or drive on cycle tracks. Before you open the door of a parked vehicle, use your mirrors to check for cyclists and motorcyclists coming up on your right and give them enough room to pass.

 cycle track

Animal traffic

Always slow down and be prepared to stop when approaching or overtaking animals. If a person in charge of animals gives a signal to slow down or stop, you must obey it. Avoid using your horn if animals are in front of you, as it might frighten them.

If you are travelling on a road where animals are common, you will see a warning sign like the one below.

Cattle and farm
Cattle and farm animals

Deer or wild
Deer or wild animals


BMW series 1 116i Tuition Car